The Graduate Record Examinations, a standardised test, is a requirement for admission into most graduate schools in the United States and in few other countries for master’s and doctoral degree programmes. It is owned and administered by ETS. It is both computer-based test (CBT) and paper-based test (PBT). For graduates who intend to gain admissions to graduate schools for master’s or doctoral degree programmes.
Analytical writing: 0.0 – 6.0
Verbal reasoning: 130 – 170
Quantitative reasoning: 130 – 170
Total obtainable range is 260 – 340 marks
Analytical Writing (60 minutes):
The analytical writing section consists of two different essays, an “issue task” and an “argument task”. The writing section is graded on a scale of 0–6, in half-point increments. The essays are written on a computer using a word processing program specifically designed by ETS. The program allows only basic computer functions and does not contain a spell-checker or other advanced features. Each essay is scored by at least two readers on a six-point holist scale. If the two scores are within one point, the average of the scores is taken. If the two scores differ by more than a point, a third reader examines the response.
Issue Task (30 minutes)
The test-taker will write an essay about a selected topic, which are selected from a pool of questions, as comprehensively published by the GRE Program.
Argument Task (30 minutes)
The test-taker will be given an argument (i.e. a series of facts and considerations leading to a conclusion) and asked to write an essay that critiques the argument. Test-takers are asked to consider the logic of the argument and to make suggestions about how to improve same. Test-takers are expected to address the logical flaws of the argument and not provide a personal opinion on the subject. The Arguments are selected from a pool of topics, which the GRE Program has published in its entirety.
Quantitative Reasoning Section:
The computer-based quantitative sections assess basic high-school level mathematical knowledge and reasoning skills. The quantitative test is scored on a scale of 130–170, in 1-point increments (Before August, 2011, the scale was 200–800, in 10-point increments). In a typical examination, each quantitative section consists of 20 questions to be completed in 35 minutes. Each quantitative section consists of about 8 quantitative comparisons, 9 problem solving items, and 3 data interpretation questions. The changes in 2011 include the addition of numeric entry items requiring the examinee to fill in the blank and multiple-choice items requiring the examinee to select multiple correct responses.
Verbal Reasoning Section:
The computer-based verbal reasoning sections assess reading comprehension, critical reasoning, and vocabulary usage. The verbal test is scored on a scale of 130–170, in 1-point increments. (Before August, 2011, the scale was 200–800, in 10-point increments.) In a typical examination, each verbal reasoning section consists of 20 questions to be completed in 30 minutes. Each verbal reasoning section consists of about 6 text completion, 4 sentence equivalence, and 10 critical reading questions. Text completion items have replaced sentence completions and new reading question types allowing for the selection of multiple answers were added.
The Computer-Based Test (CBT) is conducted multiple times per year, which is subject to the availability of the centre, while the Paper-Based Test (PBT) is conducted three (3) times per year in October, November and February.