The Graduate Management Admission Test is owned, administered and developed by the GRADUATE MANAGEMENT ADMISSION COUNCIL (GMAC). It is a Computer-Adaptive Test (CAT). It aims to test students’ analytical, writing, quantitative, verbal and reading skills in written English for use in admission to a graduate management programme like MBA. It also assesses problem-solving abilities, while addressing data sufficiency, logic and critical reasoning skills as they affect real-world business and management success.
Analytical Writing Assessment Section:
The AWA Section consists of a 30-minute writing task – analysis of an argument. It is important to be able to analyze the reasoning behind a given argument and write a critique of that argument. The essay will be given two independent ratings and these ratings are averaged together to determine the test taker’s AWA score. One rating is given by a computerized reading evaluation and another is given by a person at GMAC who will read and score the essay themselves without knowing what the computerized score was. The automated essay-scoring engine is an electronic system that evaluates more than 50 structural and linguistic features, including organization of ideas, syntactic variety, and topical analysis. If the two ratings differ by more than one point, another evaluation by an expert reader is required to resolve the discrepancy and determine the final score. The AWA is graded on a scale of 0 (minimum) to 6 (maximum) in half-point intervals.
The content of the essay is completely off-point or completely blank or makes no sense at all.
The content of the essay is deficient
The content of the essay is flawed
The content of the essay is limited
The content of the essay is adequate
The content of the essay is strong
The content of the essay is outstanding
Integrated Reasoning Section:
Integrated Reasoning (IR) is a section introduced in June 2012 and is designed to measure a test taker’s ability to evaluate data presented in multiple formats from multiple sources. The skills being tested by the integrated reasoning section were identified in a survey of 740 management faculty worldwide as important for today’s incoming students. The integrated reasoning section consists of 12 questions (which often consist of multiple parts themselves) in four different formats: graphics interpretation, two-part analysis, table analysis, and multi-source reasoning. Integrated reasoning scores range from 1 to 8. Like the Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA), this section is scored separately from the quantitative and verbal section. Performance on the IR and AWA sections do not contribute to the total GMAT score. The integrated reasoning section includes four question types: table analysis, graphics interpretation, multi-source reasoning, and two-part analysis. In the table analysis section of the IR, test-takers are presented with a sortable table of information, similar to a spreadsheet, which has to be analyzed. Each question will have several statements with opposite-answer options (e.g., true/false, yes/no), and test-takers click on the correct option. Graphics interpretation questions ask test-takers to interpret a graph or graphical image. Each question has fill-in-the-blank statements with pull-down menus; test-takers must choose the options that make the statements accurate. Multi-source reasoning questions are accompanied by two to three sources of information presented on tabbed pages. Test-takers click on the tabs and examine all the relevant information, which may be a combination of text, charts, and tables to answer either traditional multiple-choice or opposite-answer (e.g., yes/no, true/false) questions. Two-part analysis questions involve two components for a solution. Possible answers are given in a table format with a column for each component and rows with possible options. Test takers have to choose one response per column.
Quantitative Reasoning Section:
The Quantitative Reasoning section of the GMAT measures the test-taker’s ability to reason quantitatively, solve quantitative problems, interpret graphic data, and analyze and use information given in a problem. Questions require knowledge of certain algebra, geometry, and arithmetic. There are two types of quantitative questions: problem solving and data sufficiency. The use of calculators is not allowed on the quantitative section of the GMAT. Test takers must do their math work out by hand using a wet erase pen and laminated graph paper which are given to them at the testing center. Scores range from 0 to 60, although GMAC only reports scores between 6 and 51. Problem solving questions are designed to test the ability to reason quantitatively and to solve quantitative problems. Data sufficiency is a question type unique to the GMAT and designed to measure the ability to understand and analyze a quantitative problem, recognize what information is relevant or irrelevant and determine at what point there is enough information to solve a problem or recognize the fact that there is insufficient information given to solve a particular problem.
Verbal Reasoning Section:
The Verbal Reasoning section of the GMAT includes the following question types: reading comprehension, critical reasoning, and sentence correction. Each question type gives five answer options from which to select. Verbal scores range from 0 to 60; however, scores below 9 or above 44 are rare. According to GMAC, the reading comprehension question type tests ability to analyze information and draw a conclusion. Reading comprehension passages can be anywhere from one to several paragraphs long. The critical reasoning question type assesses reasoning skills, while the sentence correction question type tests grammar and effective communication skills. From the available answer options, the test-taker should select the most effective construction that best expresses the intent of the sentence.
It has a total of 800 obtainable marks
The GMAT is conducted multiple times per year.